A track record of the Western Entomological People, 1859-1909

The new Essex Institute

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. Cresson. E.T. Brand new American Entomological Area. Harshberger, John William. The fresh botanists out of Philadelphia and their functions. T.C. Davis Sons. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. JSTOR. Parker, Charles F. International Flowers. Knight, J. Frank. Declaration of tape secretary. Proc. Entomological Soc. Philadelphia step 1:vii, 74, 283, 285. Martindale, Isaac C. Obituary find of Charles F. Parker. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia -265. Meehan, Thomas. Charles F. Parker. The latest Gardeners’ Month-to-month and Horticulturist. Mosquin, Daniel. Constantine Rafinesque, A problematic Wizard. Arnoldia 70:2-10. Prowell, Geo. R. 1886. A brief history regarding Camden county, Nj. L.J. Richards Providers. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Putnam, F. W. (ed. The fresh Naturalists’ index. Pt. II. North america together with Western Indies. Salem, Massachusetts.

Robinson, B. L. 1903. Good hitherto Undescribed Pipewort regarding Nj. Rhodora 5:175-176. Smith, Aubrey H. On Territories out-of Plants Seen near Philadelphia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia -twenty four.

Torrey was able to strategy a consultation to have Parry since botanist and you will doctor towards the You

Charles C. Parry, the third of nine students regarding the family of Reverend Joseph and you can Eliza Parry, was born in Admington, England, ily emigrated towards United states and you can compensated towards the a ranch into the Arizona state, Nyc. Charles enlisted within Commitment College within the Schenectady, Ny, finished in 1842, and then learned treatments from the College from Doctors and you may Surgeons at Columbia School within the Nyc (Coulter 1890, Knowlton 1892). Parry received their medical education of Columbia inside the 1846 (Brownish 1862). Charles examined botany since a keen undergraduate and he performed certain plant meeting close their house in sites de rencontres pour les professionnels religieux approximately 1842. Their botanical knowledge went on during the scientific university through the connection out-of plants so you’re able to materia medica and you can, once the a physician-in-education, Parry generated the new friend from Dr.

John Torrey during the Columbia College and you may Asa Gray on Harvard. Both of those individuals senior researchers offered once the mentors, became lifelong loved ones, and you can was collaborators for some off Parry’s job expeditions (Grey 1863, Kelly 1914, Parry 1878, Preston 1893). Immediately after graduating away from Columbia, Parry ventured western, and you can, on the slide off 1846, the guy settled across the Mississippi River inside the Davenport, Iowa. Charles established a health behavior, that has been most of the time, a preliminary-lived venture (Preston 1893, Light 1906). Inside 1847 Parry come event your neighborhood flora (Parry 1848) and during the summer of these seasons he was the staff botanist into the government questionnaire people, provided because of the Lieutenant Joseph Morehead, so you’re able to Fort Des Moines at confluence of one’s Raccoon and De l’ensemble des Moines Streams for the main Iowa (Parry 1848 1878, Preston 1893, Light 1906).

Sadly a couple away from specimens can be found about SEINet specimen databases so you’re able to file that period regarding Parry’s botanical community. From inside the 1848 Parry proceeded his botanical pursuits on geological survey out of Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota added from the David D. Owen (Owen 1852). Parry is actually faced with botanizing across the St. Peter’s River (Minnesota Lake) and St. Croix River given that far north because the beaches away from Lake Premium (Owen 1852, Parry 1848, Parry 1852, Parry 1878). His plant directory, and that consisted of 727 types, provided places, environment, and you may ethnobotanical notes on vegetation employed by brand new people encountered (Parry 1852). Out of 1849 compliment of 1853 Dr. Parry’s event spots varied extensively (e. California, Washington, Texas, Brand new Mexico, Baja California, new Rio Bonne Area), because of the type of any opportunity and then he are involved.

When you look at the good January 1849 letter to help you John Torrey, Parry conveyed their intent to join a wagon show, direct west, and you can look for their fortunes inside the California. S./Mexico Border Survey demanded from the Lieutenant Amiel W. Whipple. Thus, which have a beneficial salaried status in hand, instead of travel overland, Parry sailed so you can Panama, crossed the newest isthmus, and you can arrived of the vessel in Hillcrest into the mid-July from 1849. Arrangements was indeed finished while the journey departed regarding Mission San Diego de- Alcala towards the Sep eleven, 1849. The fresh new excursion’s purpose were to present several geographical products (one on shore several miles south off North park Bay plus the almost every other at confluence of the Gila and Tx Canals close expose-go out Yuma, Arizona) who would generally determine the fresh new border ranging from California and you may Mexico (Lightner 2014b 2016, Parry 1857 1859, Whipple 1851).